At todayâs sitting of the Riigikogu, deliberation of the matter of significant national importance âThe state founded on liberty, justice and the rule of lawâ was held at the initiative of the Legal Affairs Committee.
Kert Kingo, former criminal investigator at the Criminal Investigation Department of the Police and Border Guard Board, and former special procedure lawyer at the Tax and Customs Board, Urmas Simon, sworn advocate at law office âTibar & Partnersâ, Leo Kunman, long-time judge at Harju County Court, and Martin Helme, Chairman of the Estonian Conservative Peopleâs Party Faction, made reports.
Kert Kingo said that the employees of internal control units were unable to fight corruption, because they had to take guidance from the law and at the same time take into account their employers. Kingo said that the risk of corruption was in fact the greatest in the case of managers, and no manager wished for corruption to be discovered in the authority he or she managed, and therefore internal control departments in their present form did not meet their purpose.
Urmas Simon spoke of the work of the prosecutorâs office and pre-trial procedure. According to the proposal of the sworn advocate, the prosecutorâs office could be separated from pre-trial procedure, and the police should compile files without the prosecutorâs office. In his opinion, the prosecutorâs office should simply represent the state in the court. In Simonâs words there should also be more control over the activities of the prosecutorâs office.
In his report, Leo Kunman focused on administration of justice from a personal point of view. Kunman said that the head of the prosecutorâs office should be chosen at a public competition and then it should be considered who should exercise supervision over the prosecutorâs office. Kunman also expressed an opinion that the Supreme Court could provide reasons when it decided not to accept a criminal matter.
Martin Helme made proposals to change the judicial system and the work of the prosecutorâs office. In his words, the people should have the possibility to elect judges of the Supreme Court, judges should hold office for a specified term, and a jury should be established. In his opinion, a select committee should be established in the Riigikogu which would have the right to make proposals on releasing from office of the judges who violate the law by their court decisions. Helme also emphasised that time-limits should be established for criminal proceedings.
During the debate, JÃ¼rgen Ligi from the Reform Party Faction, Andres Herkel from the Free Party Faction, Raivo Aeg from the Faction Isamaa, Mart Helme from the Estonian Conservative Peopleâs Party Faction and Peeter Ernits took the floor.
Two Bills passed the second reading in the Riigikogu:
The Bill on Amendments to the Weapons Act (654 SE), initiated by the National Defence Committee, will bring the Act into conformity with the relevant EU directive amending the relevant Council Directive on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons (Firearms Directive).
The Bill will include into the scope of application of the Act alarm and signal weapons and acoustic weapons with regard to which no rules have been established so far. The planned amendments will allow to handle, incl. to manufacture and repair, such weapons also in Estonia in accordance with the requirements in force in the EU. Uniform technical specifications for such weapons will be established in the EU as of September 2018. Uniform requirements for marking firearms and their parts will also be established in the EU. In order that Estonian undertakings could also manufacture weapons or sell them with proper marking, it is important to amend the Act by adding the relevant regulation. The Bill will specify the requirements for the marking of firearms, their essential components and ammunition. As of 14 September 2018, besides the national requirements, the technical specifications established by the European Commission have to be taken into account when marking firearms placed on the market, their essential components and ammunition.
The committee introduced a number of amendments into the Bill during the second reading. The Bill was amended by adding a provision under which the holder of a weapons permit will no longer have to take a new examination in order to acquire or own an acoustic weapon, gas weapon, pneumatic weapon or cut-and-thrust weapon in restricted commerce.
The Bill on Amendments to the Income Tax Act (648 SE), initiated by the Rural Affairs Committee, provides for exemption from the fringe benefit tax the expenses incurred by an employer in covering the price of a public transport ticket in the cases the employee uses public transport to commute between their place of residence and place of work. The exemption will not apply to taxi services. The explanatory memorandum states that the amendment will allow to ensure more favourable conditions to employees, and will indirectly support the continuation of commercial regular services and the functioning of the existing line network.
In the course of the second reading, the Bill was amended by adding a provision according to which the support for constructing water supply and sewerage pipelines and installing accumulation tanks on registered immovables, paid to natural persons from European Union structural funds, will no longer be subject to income tax. The provision will be implemented retroactively from 1 June 2018.
Video recordings of the sittings of the Riigikogu can be viewed at: //www.youtube.ghurry.com/riigikogu
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